Jami Mosque ‘, UIN NEWS Online– Fasting is mentioned in Islamic terminology with الصوم or الصيام . As haqiqah lughawiyyah, terma الصوم or الصيام comes from the word صام , which has some meaning, as Imam Ibn Manzhur puts it in the book Lisan al-‘Arab, which can be transformed for meaningful substantive fasting. First, stand up straight without eating and drinking, like the expression of Arab society, صام الفرس صوما (the horse stands upright without eating and drinking = قام على غيرا عتلاف ).
Thus between the seven-minute lecture (kultum) delivered by Vice Dean of General Administration Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (FDI) UIN Jakarta Dr. Asmawi MA on the ramadhan in campus event, Thursday (24/05), held at Masjid Jami ‘Student Center.
Furthermore, Asmawi explained that fasting is substantively meaning that a fasting, although not eating and drinking, remains upright in a worthwhile activity.
“The second meaning, which is soothing, as in the expression of Arab society صامت الريح (Its breeze is soothing = ركدت ). So, fasting is substantively meaning that yhose who done fasting is a servant of God who always calm, patient, and his presence is soothing, comfortable and peaceful to others, “he explained.
Next, the third meaning of fasting, namely, upright is in the middle, as the phrase صام النهار صوما (during the day in the hot sun = اعتدل و قام قاءم الظهيرة ). This means, Asmawi continued, that a people who done fasting is a servant who is always in the middle, moderate.
“The next meaning, that is to remove the dirt, like the expression صام النعام (livestock is removing dirt = رمى بقذره ). Thus, fasting worship substantively means God’s servant who was cleaning his soul from the dirt of sins through the forgiveness that God gave, “he explained.
This, according Asmawi, in accordance with the message of the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad SAW which means, “Whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan with full faith and expect the reward of Allah, it will be forgiven sins of the past” (Muslim)
Then, the fifth meaning of the fast, is shelter under the tree “shaum”, like the expression of Arab society صام الرجل (the person is shelter under the tree “shaum” = تظلل بالصوم ). This means that the fasting servant is a servant of God who will gain shade in the hereafter, namely the shade of fasting and other good things he has done.
” the last meaning of fasting, which controls itself against something ( الامساك عن شيء ). Thus, those who are currently fasting is a servant of God who is able to control and their lust and wants, and they are a cautious person,” Asmawi closes his kultum. (usa-rs)