HISTORY OF UIN SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH JAKARTA
Looking through the history of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta actually means to reveal the story of Indonesian Muslim’s struggle in order to have a higher education institution attributed with ‘Islamic value, modernity, and “Indonesian-ness”. Therefore, the establishment of UIN is essentially a product of the Muslim’s aspiration to establish and develop an institution to educate students and become a reliable person in response to any community needs and changing times.
As a higher education institution, the establishment of UIN Jakarta cannot be separated from the historical development of Islamic universities in Indonesia. The embryos of UIN Jakarta can be traced back from the establishment of Pesantren Luhur (before Indonesia’s independence), then the Islamic High School in Padang and Jakarta In 1946, followed by the Islamic University of Indonesia (UII) in Yogyakarta, the establishment of the Service Academy of Religious Sciences (ADIA) in 1957 in Jakarta, until finally became UIN Syarif Hidayatullah as we see it now.
June, 1st 1957
UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta originated from Academy of the Service Academy of Religious Sciences (ADIA) established on June 1, 1957. ADIA itself was an official academy under the management of Ministry of Religious Affairs. ADIA was established by the Decree of the Minister of Religious Affairs, No. 1 of 1957. This institution was intended to educate and prepare civil servants to be expert in teaching Islamic courses in Secondary Schools, Vocational Schools and Religious Schools.
At its inception, ADIA occupied the location of Islamic University Jakarta (UIJ) in Madura Street, before moving to Limo Street (UHAMKA now) in the following year. In the third year, ADIA moved to Culture Centrum (KS) Campus in Ciputat (UIN now). At that time, ADIA had only 43 students divided into two departments, namely: Department of Shari’a (Religious Education) and Department of Lughat al Arabiyah (Department of Arabic Language) and the Special Department for Army’s Religious Leaders as Arabic was the instructional language. Indonesian Languagewas only used as an instructional language for general courses.
As a ‘state academy’, students of ADIA were qualified only for those who obtained a mandatory study from their institutions. They were employees of Ministry of Religious Affairs from various regions throughout Indonesia. At the time, ADIA was led by Prof. Dr. H. Mahmud Jonah as the Dean and Professor H. Bustami A.Gani as the Vice Dean. As of Today, the birth of ADIA is officially considered as the Anniversary of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.
August 24th, 1960
ADIA joined PTAIN (The State Islamic Higher Education), in its development, in Yogyakarta and became The State Institute of Islamic Religion (IAIN) al jamiyah al Hukumiyah. ADIA became IAIN’s branch in Jakarta with two faculties: the Faculty of Tarbiyah (Education) and the Faculty of Adab (Literature). Prof. Dr. H. Mahmud Yunus was promoted as the Dean of the Faculty of Education and Prof. H. Bustami A.Gani as the Dean of the Faculty of Adab
After becoming the branch of IAIN in Jakarta, student enrolment were not only made of those mandatory students, but opened also for public. Therefore, the number of students increased siginificantly to 282.
In 1962, Faculty of Islamic theology was established. The Faculty itself was a metamorphosis of the Department of Da’wah wal Irshad (Department of Army’s Religious Leaders) led by Prof. HM. Toha Yahya Omar. The first lecture took place at Al-Azhar Mosque. Along with the opening of the Faculty, IAIN Jakarta then stood alone and transformed into IAIN aljamiah al hukumiyah Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.
February 25th, 1963
As mentioned in the Government Decree No. II in 1960, the purpose of IAIN was to carry out advanced education and to be a center for developing and bolstering Islamic studies. By enhancing the standard of education in the field of religion and science meant also to elevate spirituality and intellectualism of Indonesians. IAIN was then expected to be an academic expertise as well as a social institution.
Given its rapid development, IAIN deemed to stand alone. By the Minister of Religious Affairs’s Decree Number 49 of 1963, IAIN branch Jakarta became IAIN al jamiah al Hukumiyyah Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta. The inauguration of Prof. Drs. H. Sunardjo as Rector of IAIN Jakarta in 1963 had confirmed the university to become Coordinator of Faculties in Greater Jakarta, West Java and Sumatra
In 1988, through the publication of Minister of Religious Affairs ‘s Decree No. 15, IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta consisted of the faculties: Tarbiyah, Adab, Ushuluddin, Shariah, Da’wah in Jakarta and Faculty of Tarbiyah in Pontianak
However, due to the Presidential Decree No.11 of 1997 on Regional Faculty Status Changes, Faculty of Tarbiyah in Pontianak transformed into State Islamic College (STAIN). By then, IAIN Jakarta no longer had no branch.
During the leadership of Prof. Dr Harun Nasution (1973-1984), IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta is well known as the “Revivalist Campus”. Prof. Nasution generated many innovations in the teaching of Islamic Thoughts. Such as the inclusion of Philosophy in the IAIN curriculum, sending lecturers to the West etc. At the time, IAIN Jakarta also opened the Postgraduate Program (PPS) which was the first graduate program among IAINs throughout Indonesia
As one of the oldest IAIN, IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah has a unique and strategic position. Not only is as a “window of Indonesia’s Islam”, but also as a symbol of progress of national development, especially in the field of religious development. This is because IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta always evolves to become a leading Islamic higher education.
A more intensive development took place during the leadership of Prof. Dr. Azyumardi Azra, MA. In 1998 IAIN prepared the basis towards the establishment of the State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta in accordance to the concept so-called “IAIN with wider mandate”.
In the academic year 1998/1999, Faculty of Tarbiyah opened the new department namely Department of Psychology and Mathematics. Faculty of Sharia also offered new departments that were Department of Economics and Islamic Banking
The number of faculty kept increasing in 2001/2002. This was proven by the opening of the Faculty of Psychology (metamorphosis of the Department of Psychology at the Faculty of Education) and the Faculty of Dirasah Islamiyah (a unique program in collaboration with Al Azhar University Cairo Egypt). The opening of these new courses, especially general courses was a significant step towards becoming a full fledge university
These efforts were recommended by the Government. In 2001, Minister of National Education and Minister of Religious Affairs signed a joint Decree Number 4 / U / KB / 2001 and the No. 500/2001 dated 21 November 2001, concerning the transformation from IAIN to UIN.
In the same year, 12 Social Studies Programs and the sciences (Computer Science, Information Systems, Accounting, Management, Agribusiness (Socio-Economic) Psychology, English Language and Literature, Library Science, Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics and Biology obtained the operational permit from Director General of Higher Education No.: 088 796 / MPN / 2001 dated 22 November 2001
In subsequent years, the Draft Decree on Conversion of IAIN to UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta approved by Minister of Administrative Reform and Director General of Budgetary of the Ministry of Finance. This had become the basis for the transformation of IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta into UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.
IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta officially became UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta by Presidential Decree No. 031 on 20 May 2002. The decree became the foundation of legality of IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta become Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta
UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta consisted of nine faculties at that time; Faculty of Tarbiyah (Tarbiyah and Teachers Training, Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Faculty Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Faculty of Shariah and Law, Faculty of Da’wa and Communication, Faculty of Dirasat Islamiyah, Faculty of Psychology, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, and Faculty of Science and Technology. The total number of departments becomes 41 majors
By this transformation, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta is expected to encourage the integration of science both in the field of religion and humanity, with the objective to produce graduates who have integrative insight, responsive and adaptive to modern thoughts and progress of science, underpinned by faith.
The transformation also became the underlying framework in changing awarding title as written in Rector’s Decree No. 16, 2002. It is stated that students who successfully completed their studies in S1, S2, S3 are entitled to title/award in accordance with their study program. Thus, graduates UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta are in the same level with the graduates from other public universities
Since UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta is now at the same level with other state universities in Indonesia, the new admission in 2003/2004, other than local selection, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah also joined SPMB (National based-selection). Thus UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta indirectly has recognized nationally as well as internationally. This recognition is a good foundation to move towards a leading research university
Integrating Islamic Value and general science is also the underlying framework of the establishment of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (FKIK) in 2004/2005. The new faculty was established based on the Decree of the Minister of Religious Affairs No.MA/25/2004 and the letter of the Director General of higher education No. 995 / D / 6/2004.
Based on the above approval, in the academic year 2004/2005 UIN Jakarta opened the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences with two majors. They are Public Health Science and Pharmacy. As for the major of medicine and nursing, they were opened one year after (2005/2006)
This faculty was establishment in collaboration with Faculty of Medicine of University of Indonesia. FK UI as well UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta had entered into a collaboration to support the establishment FKIK with various parties, including the number of hospitals in Jakarta and Tangerang as a teaching hospital for students
As part of its goal to be a research university, UIN has committed to produce new discoveries in science, both in religious sciences and general sciences, by putting research skills as the primary qualification in any academic performance. As a Research Universities, research capabilities are the main needed-qualifications.
By having a research-based university, it is expected that UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta may attract more students to come, especially for master and doctoral level from all over the world. This could create an academic, social and cultural exchange, which in turn create an intellectual community and learning society with research and analysis capability. So, UIN could become a Window of Academic Excellence of Islam in Indonesia) as expected by the leaders of Islamic education promoters
The ‘Syarif Hidayatullah’
If several universities in Indonesia use names of Military’s personals, IAIN preferred names of religious figures. Naming IAIN with Syarif Hidayatullah cannot be separated from the above. Syarif Hidayatullah was chosen because it is the real name of Sunan Gunung Jati, one of the Walisongo (nine preachers of Islam in Java) who had a major role in expanding Islam in Sunda Kelapa (now Jakarta)
Syarif Hidayatullah (Sunan Gunung Jati) was born in Saudi Arab in 1448 and died in Cirebon in 1568. He was the son of Nyai Rara Santang (daughter of King Siliwangi, Padjadjaran) and Sharif Abdullah. Syarif Hidayatullah was given many titles such as Muhammad Nuruddin, Sheikh Nurullah, Sayyid Kamil, Maulana Sheikh Makhdum Rahmatullah, and Makhdum Jati. After his death, he was granted the title ‘Sunan Gunung Jati’
In his adulthood, Syarif Hidayatullah returned to Padjadjaran and became the ruler of Cirebon. Since then he had actively introduced Islam in Java, especially in the western part. Later on he put his son, Maulana Hasanuddin, to the position of a missionary (announcer of Islam) as well as ruler in Banten. In 1527, with the assistance of Fala-tehan (Fatahillah), he managed to control Sunda Kelapa after expelling Portuguese forces.
Syarif Hidayatullah introduced Islam directly to Sunda Kelapa’s inhabitants and the local leaders. He began by giving knowledge about Islamic teachings as well as some gentle warnings. He talked from heart to heart. When any kind of rejection occurred, he challenged them to discuss. The latter was applied especially to people who openly showed less amenable attitude towards Islam. Propaganda methods used by Syarif Hidayatullah had managed to attract public sympathy
Syarif Hidayatullah had a major role in strengthening the rule of Islam in Sunda Kelapa which then named as Batavia by the Dutch. Therefore naming Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta was expected to provide inspiration in the development of Islam in Indonesia.